- An Internet Connection
- A Modem
- A Router
Router: This is the central device of a home network into which you plug the network cable. The other end of the cable should be plugged into a networking device that has a network port. If you would like to add more network devices to a router, you’ll require more cables and more ports on the router. These ports, both on the router and on the end devices, are called Local Area Network (LAN) ports.
In a nutshell, LAN ports on a router let Ethernet-enabled devices to communicate with each other and share info.
To ensure they gain access to the Internet, the router must also have a Wide Area Network (WAN) port. On most of the routers, this port may also be referred to as the Internet port.
A WAN port is used for connecting to an Internet source, say for example a broadband modem. The WAN enables the router to connect to the Internet.
A WAN port is used for connecting to an Internet source, say for example a broadband modem. The WAN enables the router to connect to the Internet
A wireless network uses radio wireless connections called Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity), instead of cables. Wireless networking devices need not have ports, In order to have a Wi-Fi connection, there must be an access point and a Wi-Fi client.
An access point (AP) is a key device which broadcasts a Wi-Fi signal for Wi-Fi clients for connection.
A Wi-Fi client is a device which detects the signal broadcast by an access point, make connection to it, and keep the connection on.
Once you have a new router, setting up the hardware is fairly simple. All that’s necessary is a PC which has a network port and two network cables. Follow these steps, for any router’s setup:
- Connect the router’s WAN port to your Internet supplier, for instance a DSL or cable modem, while using the first network cable. Every home router has only one WAN port; this particular port is obviously different from the another network ports and often is usually a different color to further distinguish it.
- Connect among the router’s LAN ports to the PC utilizing the 2nd network cable.
- Plug the router into the power outlet using its power adapter. If the router comes with a on-off switch, ensure the router is on. Most routers lack this switch and may turn on as you put it in.
Getting at the Router’s Settings Page
The next thing is to use the Web browser to show the router’s settings page. Essentially, you should have couple of things: the router’s URL, which is usually its default IP address, and default log-in information. You can find this info in the router’s manual, and sometimes it’s printed on the underside of the router, also.
Almost all, home routers out there have a default IP address in this format: 192.168.x.1, where, according to the vendor, x is frequently 0, 1, 2, 3, 10, or 11. One example is, routers from D-Link routers use 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1.
And the log-in details is usually rather expected. The user name (if any) is almost always admin and the password (if any) tends to be one of these: admin, password, default, or 1234.
Once you have gotten these two pieces of information, just type the router’s IP address in the address bar of a browser on a connected PC, hit Enter, and then enter the log-in details, then you’ll be taken to the Router’s Settings page.
Getting at the Router’s Settings Page
Although the layout of the Router’s home page is a bit different from one supplier to another, many of them have granular menus. Allow me to share the common key menu items and what they do.
Wizard: This is where you can start a step-by step guided setup process. You only need to proceed through and setup some of the routers’ configurations, including its log-in security password (to be modified from the default — you must do this to help keep your network secure) and the username and password for the Wi-Fi network.
Wireless settings: Where you can modify the router’s Wi-Fi network(s). It is possible to opt for the the name of the network, modify the security password, switch the Wi-Fi Shielded Set-up function on or off, and and much more.
WAN: Usually you should employ the Auto settings for this part. On the other hand, a few ISPs may need specific configurations; in these instances you should type in those details there.
LAN: This is where you may modify the local network configurations, including the default IP address of the router itself. Here you may even modify the range of IP addresses employed for local Wi-Fi clients, and include clients on the DHCP Reservation list. More often than not, you should not change anything at all within this segment.
Password: Modify the router’s security password. This particular password needed whenever you sign in the router’s home screen.
System: Here you can take the backup of the current configurations of the router to a data file, or restore configurations from a data file; update the router’s firmware; and so forth. It certainly is beneficial to back up the router’s configurations prior to making any changes.
The final word
All routers contain a reset option. It is a very small recessed press button which is situated on the bottom part or maybe on one of the side of the device. Use something pointy, like a pencil, to push and hold this key around 10 seconds (after router is connected to power) will bring its settings back to the factory default. In other words, the router will be reset to the state it was in when you bought it. You can reset it up again from the beginning.